The CIVICUS Monitor is a research tool that provides quantitative and qualitative data on the state of civil society and civic freedoms in 196 countries. The data is generated through a collaboration with more than 20 civil society research partners, and input from a number of independent human rights evaluations.
The data provides the basis for civic space ratings, which are based on up-to-date information and indicators on the state of freedom of association, peaceful assembly and expression. Countries can be rated as: open, narrowed, obstructed, repressed or closed.
This week, CIVICUS Monitor has launched its 2020 People Power Under Attack Report.
Fundamental civic freedoms are deteriorating in Europe and Central Asia, according to the report.
The report shows that civic freedoms, including the freedoms of expression, association and assembly, are backsliding across the globe: over 87 per cent per cent of the world’s population now live in closed, repressed or obstructed countries.
This decline in basic human rights is mirrored in Europe and Central Asia: only a third of countries (21 countries) are rated ‘open’, the Monitor’s highest ranking. In this region, 20 countries are rated ‘narrowed’, six countries are rated ‘obstructed’, four countries ‘repressed’ and three countries ‘closed’. In reality, this means that a quarter of countries in this region are severely restricting fundamental freedoms. In the Black Sea Region, four countries are rated ‘narrowed’, while four countries are rated ‘obstructed’, other two as ‘repressed’ and one as ‘closed’,
According to the data provided, the top violations to political and civic freedoms in the region include detention of protesters, censorship, intimidation, attacks on journalists and harassment.
Freedom of peaceful assembly is particularly under threat in this region, with detention of protesters the number one violation. While protests over poor governance, fraudulent election results, climate change and women’s rights have been staged throughout the region, protesters have been met with restrictions including detentions and excessive force.
The 2020 People Power Under Attack Report can be consulted online here: https://civicus.contentfiles.net/media/assets/file/GlobalReport2020.pdf .
More information about the Report can be found here: https://findings2020.monitor.civicus.org/ .