June 20, 2024



Russia, officially known as the Russian Federation, is a country situated in Northern Eurasia. Its capital is Moscow.

Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic, permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, member of the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

According to the criteria of the CIVICUS Monitor Platform (which measures civic space in terms of respect of freedom of association, of peaceful assembly and of expression), the status of civic space in 2018 in Russia is characterised as ‘Repressed’. More details can be found here: https://monitor.civicus.org/country/russia/ .